After reunification inGermany undertook the extensive reconstruction of the inner city as a moral and political objective, unveiling new works at various stages with much fanfare in an effort still ongoing in the 21st century.
If clouds obscured Dresden but Chemnitz was clear, Chemnitz was the target. Wartime political responses[ edit ] German[ edit ] Development of a German political response to the raid took several turns.
As the Allied forces closed in on the Third Reich insuch targets became more feasible because of the air superiority and improved navigation techniques of the Anglo-American bomber force.
He passed on the request to Sir Charles PortalWas the bombing of dresden and Chief of the Air Staffwho answered that "We should use available effort in one big attack on Berlin and attacks on Dresden, Leipzig, and Chemnitz, or any other cities where a severe blitz will not only cause confusion in the evacuation from the East, but will also hamper the movement of troops from the West.
The Nazi propaganda machine had filled the minds of the Germans with horror stories of what to expect if the Red Army got to Germany. The next set of aircraft to leave England were twin-engined Mosquito marker planeswhich would identify target areas and drop 1,pound target indicators TIs "  that created a red glow for the bombers to aim at.
The idea was that, as one building collapsed or filled with smoke, those using the basement as a shelter could knock the walls down and run into adjoining buildings. The inner city of Dresden was largely destroyed   The high explosive bombs damaged buildings and exposed their wooden structures, while the incendiaries ignited them, denying their use by retreating German troops and refugees.
At the end of the war, Dresden was so badly damaged that the city was basically leveled.
Secretary of War, General George C. The completion of the reconstructed Dresden Frauenkirche in marked the first step in rebuilding the Neumarkt area. Wartime political responses[ edit ] German[ edit ] Development of a German political response to the raid took several turns.
After the war, German and Soviet authorities considered leveling the Dresden ruins to make way for new construction. It was the centre of Bezirk Dresden Dresden District between and The German army was retreating on all fronts, but still resisting strongly.
For these reasons the loss of life in Dresden was higher than many other bombing raids during World War II. But these quickly became hopelessly overcrowded with people who could no longer find shelter in their own burning buildings.
He then added in an offhand remark that the raid also helped destroy "what is left of German morale. Overall, Anglo-American bombing of German cities claimed betweenandcivilian lives.
Reasons for the attack Early inthe Allies' political-military leadership started to consider how they might aid the Soviets by using a strategic bomber force. Der Brand also documents in detail the oral history of local people as to what happened and how they felt, along with city records from the time.
It also said there were barracks, hutted camps, and a munitions storage depot. All told, the bombers of the U. Fromit was the seat of the dukes of Saxonyand from the electors as well.
The intention to use the strategic bomber forces in a tactical air-support role was similar to that for which Eisenhower had employed them before the Battle of Normandy in The surface of roads melted and fleeing people found that their feet were burned as they ran.
The History Learning Site, 19 May Each year on 13 February, the anniversary of the British and American fire-bombing raid that destroyed most of the city, tens of thousands of demonstrators gather to commemorate the event.
The American inquiry established that the Soviets, pursuant to allied agreements for the United States and the United Kingdom to provide air support for the Soviet offensive toward Berlinhad requested area bombing of Dresden in order to prevent a counter attack through Dresden, or the use of Dresden as a regrouping point after a strategic retreat.
The gold cross on the top of the church was funded officially by "the British people and the House of Windsor". The RAF also had an advantage over the Germans in the field of electronic radar countermeasures. Actually Dresden was a mass of munitions works, an intact government centre, and a key transportation point to the East.
Specifically, they dispute the crucial part of his case—the state of the German army in February —and his willingness to place credibility on the post-war narrative of Dresdeners as to their level of complicity in the Nazi government.
The last group to bomb Dresden was the th and they had finished by RAF Air Staff documents state that it was their intention to use RAF bomber command to "destroy communications" to hinder the eastward deployment of German troops, and to hamper evacuation, not to kill the evacuees.
The combination of clear skies over Dresden whilst most of the surrounding region was overcast and the lack of local preparedness for the attacks in contrast to other major production centers resulted in unprecedented effectiveness of the bombing.
No-one knows how many people were in Dresden when the city was bombed. Therefore, Dresden was bombed to show the Russians the awesome power of the Allies and to act as a warning to them not to stray from the agreements they had made at the war conferences.
Aftermath The Allies claimed that by bombing Dresden, they were disrupting important lines of communication that would have hindered the Soviet offensive. Bottomley's list included oil plants, tank and aircraft factories and the cities of Berlin and Dresden.
The raid achieved the military objective, without "excessive" loss of civilian life.
Second World War[ edit ] Dresden,view from the town hall Rathaus over the destroyed city the allegory of goodness in the foreground Main article:The bombing of Dresden in February has remained one of the more controversial aspects of World War Two.
Dresden, a city unaffected by bombing up to that point in the war, lost many thousands of civilians in the firestorm that was created by the Allies. Nov 09, · Watch video · Bombing of Dresden: February Before World War II, Dresden was called “the Florence of the Elbe” and was regarded as one the world’s most beautiful cities for its architecture and museums.
Bombing of Dresden: February Before World War II, Dresden was called “the Florence of the Elbe” and was regarded as one the world’s most beautiful cities for its architecture and museums.
The bombing of Dresden was a historic benchmark that demonstrated the power of strategic bombing. Critics say that the military value of the bombing did not justify Dresden’s near destruction and that the city could have been spared, like Rome, Paris, and Kyōto.
The bombing of Dresden was a British/American aerial bombing attack on the city of Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony, during World War II in the European Theatre.
In four raids between 13 and 15 Februaryheavy bombers of the British Royal Air Force.
The Bombing of Dresden took place Feb.during World War II. Dresden was struck by fighter planes, which resulted in the destruction of the city.Download